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JA 5 /5 [POU]    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.

Derivation: JAvilla.
Collected by Pound.
Location: Hda. Javilla, Ecuador.

Notes:  Progeny from trees which had shown resistance to Witches' Broom disease (1939).

Pound, 1943b [POU43B]. Pound states that pods were collected from Jabilla (=Javilla) farm from the trees numbered: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10.

Synonyms: JA 55 [POU]


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774331   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629493
BioSample: SAMN09934475
SampleName: JA_5_5
SampleSource: Trinidad

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1539     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: JA 5/5 [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22174
   - Local Name: JA-5/5
   - Year of Accession: 2010
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: JA5/5
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: JA 5/5 [POU]

Pod Index: 19.7 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: purple
Shape: ovate
Number: 47.0
Total Wet Weight: 74.2 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.08 g
Cotyledon Length: 22.5 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.1 mm

Testa: 4.30 %
Butterfat Content: 52.40 %
Testa: 5.70 %

Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: indented
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 184.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa

Accession: RUQ 1539
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 2.53 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.04 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 0.73 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 69.85 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.51 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 254.20 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.78 g
Specific Leaf Area: 142.40 cm2 g-1

Colour: moderate anthocyanin

Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.86 mm
Ligule Width: 2.97 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 2.87 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish

Pound, F.J. (1943) First report on the selection of cacao trees for resistance to Witches' Broom disease. Unpublished report, Ministry of Agriculture, Trinidad.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Trinidad - CRU (1998) Fat Analysis Data. Data supplied on computer diskette by F. Bekele, CRU, Trinidad.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.