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GU 144 /C    Theobroma cacao

 French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994)
Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.

Collected by Clement/Salle IRCC.
Location: Haut Camopi+Ecuador, French Guiana.

Lachenaud, 1993a [LAC93A]. Haut-Camopi material (See CAM 1, 3, 7, 9, 12) generally tall, Leaves - pigmented flushes, Fruit - heterogeneity in pod shape but usually green, clear basal constriction, obtuse apex, intermediate surface rugosity, prominent paired ridges.

Notes:  French Guiana - CIRAD-CP, 1994 [GUY94A] GU 112-359 from French Guiana, GU 360-370 from Ecuador.

Some publications have erroneously omitted the GU code and list only the clone number and suffix, for example 269H = GU 269/H and N 123 = GU 123/N.

2 May 2002 Data collected on wild trees from which the GU material were collected as seed has been removed from the ICGD on the recommendation of Philippe Lachenaud (CIRAD-CP). The descriptors referred only to the wild material which was never cloned in genebanks and as such the presence of these data were believed to be misleading. All GU material was collected as seed and properly labelled material should include a letter suffix at the end of the name.

Synonyms: CAM 7 /144C [GUF], G VI 348


 Sounigo, Olivier & Ives Bruno Efombagn Mousseni, 2012
Recommended seed parent in:
Seed Garden / Source: PSCC/IRAD
Female Parent in Seed Garden with: IMC 60   |  UPA 143   |  UPA 337   |  PA 70 [PER]   |  BBK 726   |  P 7 [POU]   |  PA 7 [PER]   |  GU 255 /V   |  IMC 67   |  PA 107 [PER]   |  PA 150 [PER]   |  SCA 12   |  SCA 6   |  SCA 24   |  T 60 /887 [POS]   |  T 79 /501 [POS]   |  UPA 134   |  SNK 630   |  ICS 84   |  SNK 15   |  SNK 413   |  SNK 64   |  SNK 608   |  SNK 620   |  TIKO 32   |  BBK 1016   |  BBK 109 
Recommended by: Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le Développement (IRAD), Cameroon
Status: current


Location: R. Camopi, Haut Camopi, French Guiana (primary forest)
Date: 4 May 1987
Coordinates: 53°14'20" W, 2°21'18" N
Material collected: Seed
Notes: 2km from Mgne Cacao 270' same tree as GU 143
Expedition Code: 87GU
   Sallee, B., 1987


GU 144  x Unknown


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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 968
   - Local Name: GU 144C
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: GU-144C
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22009
   - Local Name: GU 144-C
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: GU144C
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 1997   Reference
• Accession: 348
   - Local Name: GU 144 /C
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: GU 144 /C
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: GU 144 /C
   - Year of Accession: 1997


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Pod Index: 32.9 (pods per kg dried beans)
 Lachenaud, Ph. et al., 2007
Productivity: very high


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 38.0
Total Wet Weight: 50.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.80 g
Cotyledon Length: 20.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.9 mm


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Testa: 4.50 %


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Shape: obovate
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 150.0 mm
Breadth: 76.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent


 Fiona Lahive, 2017
Accession: RUQ 191
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 4.87 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.12 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.44 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 49.58 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.71 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 246.10 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.60 g
Specific Leaf Area: 153.10 cm2 g-1


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Colour: moderate anthocyanin


 Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee, 2022
Ligule Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 6.83 mm
Ligule Width: 2.20 mm
Ovule Number: 43
Style Length: 1.95 mm
Pedicel Colour: red

French Guiana - CIRAD-CP (1994) Morphological characteristics of the clones held at CIRAD Guyane. Data supplied to ICGD on computer diskette. Dr. Ph. Lachenaud, CIRAD Guyane.
Sounigo, Olivier & Ives Bruno Efombagn Mousseni (2012) Cocoa Improvement and Variety Delivery Effort in Cameroon. INGENIC Seventh Workshop: Cocoa Variety Development and the Supply of Planting Materials to Farmers. 21st - 22nd October 2012
Sallee, B. (1987) Compte rendu de prospection dans les populations naturelles de Theobroma cacao L. du Haut Camopi (Guyane Francais) 14/4 au 12/5/87. Unpublished report, IRCC/CIRAD, 97387 Kourou, Guyane, pp. 45.
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Lachenaud, Ph., Paulin, D., Ducamp, M. & Thevenin, J.-M. (2007) Twenty years of agronomic evaluation of wild cocoa trees (Theobroma cacao L.) from French Guiana. Scientia Horticulturae. 113: pp 313–321.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.