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POUND 7 /B    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
Cacao and witches' broom disease. Report on a recent visit to the Amazon territory of Peru, September 1942-February 1943. Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 73-91.

Derivation: POUND (collector).
Collected by Pound.
Location: Peru.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1968 [CHA68A] Trees were marked and initial collections made in 1968. Chalmers revisited the area in 1970 (Chalmers, 1970a [CHA70A]), recollecting from some trees and making new collections from newly marked trees. Further collections were made in 1972 (Chalmers, 1972b [CHA72B]).

Synonyms: PERU 7 /B [POU], P 7 /B [POU]


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774168   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629656
BioSample: SAMN09934530
SampleName: POUND_7_B
SampleSource: Trinidad, Tree_ID: 18419

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 24     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: POUND 7/B [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1985
• Accession: RUQ 24B     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: POUND 7/B [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1985
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1005
   - Local Name: P 7B
• Accession: 1005
   - Local Name: P 7B
• Accession: 1005
   - Local Name: P 7B
List received in 1997   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 /B [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND-7-B
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21985
   - Local Name: Pound-7/B
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND7/B
• Local Name: POUND7/B
   - Year of Accession: 1975
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 174
   - Local Name: POUND-7/B
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00184
   - Local Name: P7B
List received in 2008   Reference
• Local Name: P7B
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 /B [POU]
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 /B [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 1993   Reference
• Local Name: P 7 /B [POU]
• Local Name: P 7 /B [POU]
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 7/B [POU]

Pod Index: 19.0 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 50.0
Total Wet Weight: 67.3 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.05 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.4 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.6 mm

Testa: 4.90 %

Shape: obovate
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: obtuse
Rugosity: slight
Length: 163.0 mm
Breadth: 83.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa

Accession: RUQ 24
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 6.68 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.16 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.83 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 42.49 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 3.76 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 4
Leaf Area: 250.90 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.68 g
Specific Leaf Area: 153.70 cm2 g-1

Colour: anthocyanin absent

Distance from Base to Widest Part: 158 mm
Length: 309.0 mm
Width: 113.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.70
Basal Angle: 143.7 °
Apical Angle: 59.6 °
Petiole Length: 16 mm
Pulvinus Length: 10 mm

Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.09 mm
Ligule Width: 2.46 mm
Ovule Number: 53
Style Length: 2.08 mm
Pedicel Colour: green

Pound, F.J. (1943) Cacao and witches' broom disease. Report on a recent visit to the Amazon territory of Peru, September 1942-February 1943. Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 73-91.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Brazil - Almirante Cacao (1997) Cocoa Germplasm Importation Lists 1994 - 1997. Unpublished list supplied by Martin Aitken.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Haeser, E. (2008) Accession list for Bah Lias Research Station, PT.PP. London Sumatra, Indonesia. Personal communication, March 2010.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
PNG - Cocoa & Coconut Research (1998) Current list of cocoa accessions at the PNG CCRI. Mr. Mathias Faure, Personal Communication.
Soloman Islands - S.I. Plantns (1993) Inventory of Soloman Islands Plantations Ltd. Unpublished report, Soloman Islands Plantations Ltd, Soloman Islands, p.1.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.