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POUND 10 /B    Theobroma cacao

 Pound, F.J. (1943)
Cacao and witches' broom disease. Report on a recent visit to the Amazon territory of Peru, September 1942-February 1943. Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 73-91.

Derivation: POUND (collector).
Collected by Pound.
Location: Peru.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1968 [CHA68A] Trees were marked and initial collections made in 1968. Chalmers revisited the area in 1970 (Chalmers, 1970a [CHA70A]), recollecting from some trees and making new collections from newly marked trees. Further collections were made in 1972 (Chalmers, 1972b [CHA72B]).

Synonyms: PERU 10 /B [POU], P 10 /B [POU]

'Nanay' Population
Subgroup: 'Nanay III'   Reference


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774163   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629661
BioSample: SAMN09934529
SampleName: POUND_10_B
SampleSource: Trinidad, Tree_ID: Tc00858

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1018
   - Local Name: P 10B
• Accession: 1018
   - Local Name: P 10B
• Accession: 1018
   - Local Name: P 10B
• Accession: 1018
   - Local Name: P 10B
List received in 1997   Reference
• Local Name: P 10 /B [POU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: POUND-10 B
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 22306
   - Local Name: Pound-10/B
   - Year of Accession: 2012
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: POUND 10/B [POU]

Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

Pod Index: 43.0 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 28.0
Total Wet Weight: 31.5 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.83 g
Cotyledon Length: 19.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.6 mm

Testa: 6.50 %

Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: slight
Length: 164.0 mm
Breadth: 70.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa

Colour: moderate anthocyanin

Distance from Base to Widest Part: 148 mm
Length: 300.0 mm
Width: 115.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.60
Basal Angle: 133.7 °
Apical Angle: 63.8 °
Petiole Length: 13 mm
Pulvinus Length: 11 mm

Ligule Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: intense anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 6.86 mm
Ligule Width: 2.41 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 1.96 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish

Pound, F.J. (1943) Cacao and witches' broom disease. Report on a recent visit to the Amazon territory of Peru, September 1942-February 1943. Archives of Cocoa Research 1: pp. 73-91.
Motamayor, J.C., Lachenaud, P., da Silva e Mota, J.W., Loor, R., Kuhn, D.N., Brown, J.S. & Schnell, R.J. (2008) Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L). PLoS ONE 3(10): e3311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003311
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Brazil - Almirante Cacao (1997) Cocoa Germplasm Importation Lists 1994 - 1997. Unpublished list supplied by Martin Aitken.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.