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RIM 41 [MEX]    Theobroma cacao

 Hunter, J.R. (1961)
The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.

Derivation: Rosario Izapa Mexico.
Collected by del Arco & Spencer.
Location: Tuxclachico, Chiapas, Mexico.

Hunter, 1961a [HUN61A]. Fruit - Long, thin Soconusco type. Seed - white. Bartley, 1997a [BAR97A]. Most of the genotypes are very similar with regard to their vegetative and floral characteristics. The fruit shapes also show very little variation as do most other fruit characteristics. Most of these genotypes have fruit with a light green colour and the others have some degree of anthocyanin pigmentation.

Notes:  Hunter, 1961 [HUN61A] Selections from Hda La Rioja. Selections from the Pacific coast with some MATINA genes.

In the original format of the name was composed of a number with "R" or "RIM" as suffix to that.

Synonyms: P 41 [MEX], R 41 [MEX]


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743829   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078293
BioSample: SAMN19549204
SampleName: R41
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 331
   - Local Name: RIM 41
   - Year of Accession: 1980
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: R 41 [MEX]
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10428
   - Local Name: RIM-41
   - Year of Accession: 1958
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: RIM 41 [MEX]
   - Year of Accession: 1983
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: RIM41
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 183
   - Local Name: RIM-41
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: R 41 [MEX]
• Local Name: R 41 [MEX]
List received in 1995   Reference
• Local Name: RIM 41 [MEX]
   - Year of Accession: 1945
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: RIM 41 [MEX]
   - Year of Accession: 1994
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 241200     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: RIM 41 [MEX]
   - Year of Accession: 1939

18.53 % Infection
Note: 17 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992

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Seed Index: 80.6 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 22.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
Pod Index: 25.5 (pods per kg dried beans)
Seed Index: 83.3 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 22.0 (pods per kg dried beans)
Seed Index: 78.1 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 20.8 (pods per kg dried beans)

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Number: 36.1
Total Dry Weight: 44.9 g
Dry Weight: 1.24 g
Note: 25 plants sampled
Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 37.0
Total Wet Weight: 57.1 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.06 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.8 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.2 mm
Number: 37.8
Dry Weight: 1.20 g
Number: 25.0
Length: 22.5 mm
Width: 13.5 mm
Thickness: 9.6 mm
Dry Weight: 1.40 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.28 g

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Butterfat Content: 57.30 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 59.72 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 55.49 %
Note: 10 plants sampled
Testa: 5.60 %
Testa: 8.57 %

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Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 192.0 mm
Breadth: 73.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
Rugosity: intense
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Shape: cundeamor
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 14 mm (11 - 17)
Length: 232.0 mm
Breadth: 88.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Weight: 560.0 g
Husk Weight: 448.30 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.63
Shape: cundeamor
Colour: green

Colour: slight anthocyanin
Colour: brown

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Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 7.66 mm
Ligule Width: 2.51 mm
Ovule Number: 38
Style Length: 2.14 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
Sepal Width: 2.60 mm
Sepal Length: 8.80 mm
Ligule Length: 4.00 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.90 mm
Ovule Number: 44
Style Length: 2.50 mm
Staminode Length: 7.60 mm
Pedicel Length: 2.30 mm
Self Compatibility: self incompatible

Hunter, J.R. (1961) The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga". Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Cueto-Moreno, J. & Fraire-Vazquez, G. (1995) Progressos en el mejoramiento genetico del cacao Theobroma cacao L. en Mexico. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Cocoa Breeding Strategies, Kuala Lumpur, 1994. INGENIC, Reading, U.K. pp. 18-25.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Lopez-Baez, O. (1995) Caracteristicas del fruto del germoplasma de cacao, Theobroma cacao L., seleccionado en Rosario Izapa, Chiapas. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 21(2): pp. 127-137.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Lopez-Baez, O. & Mendel-Wong, D. (1992) Caracteristicas de la flor y semilla del germoplasma de cacao, Theobroma cacao L., seleccionado en Rosario Izapa, Chiapas. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 39-48.