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SC 1 [COL]    Theobroma cacao

 Hunter, J.R. (1961)
The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.

Derivation: Seleccion Colombiana.
Location: Palmira, Valle, Colombia.

Notes:  Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected in 1961.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May be the same as MIRANDA in Soria, 1970a [SOR70A].

In previous versions of the ICGD the SPA [COL] clones were included as synonyms of the group SC [COL] (SC 57 - 76 inclusive). The synonymy has now been reversed as this material was originally described as SPA and is more widely known under this name, as advised by Dr. Bartley.


Synonyms: SCP 1 [COL], G VI 190, SCS 1 [COL], K 190 [IND]


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774190   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629634
BioSample: SAMN09934544
SampleName: SC_1
SampleSource: Costa Rica
 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743827   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078295
BioSample: SAMN19549206
SampleName: SC1
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 1000
   - Local Name: SC 1
• Accession: 1000
   - Local Name: SC 1
• Accession: 1000
   - Local Name: SC 1
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SC-1
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SC 1 [COL]
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 98
   - Local Name: K-190
List received in 1997   Reference
• Accession: 190
   - Local Name: SC 1 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1990
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: SC 1 [COL]
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: SC 1 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1994

Pod Index: 22.1 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 35.0
Total Wet Weight: 74.8 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.29 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.3 mm
Cotyledon Width: 14.4 mm
Colour Purple: 26 %
Colour Light Purple: 65 %
Colour White: 9 %
Size: large
Number: 26.9
Length: 25.0 mm
Width: 14.8 mm
Thickness: 10.7 mm
Total Wet Weight: 99.8 g
Wet Weight: 2.78 g
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.23 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.53 g

Testa: 5.50 %
Testa: 10.52 %

Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: intense
Length: 184.0 mm
Breadth: 89.0 mm
Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
Shape: orbicular
Basal Constriction: moderate - slight
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: slight
Husk Thickness: 0.66 mm
Length: 186.0 mm
Breadth: 85.0 mm
Colour: brown
Weight: 609.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.18

Colour: intense anthocyanin

Shape: obovate
Length: 253.2 mm
Width: 119.1 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.12
Apex Form: acuminate
Pulvinus Present: Yes

Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 9.32 mm
Ligule Width: 2.79 mm
Ovule Number: 37
Style Length: 2.32 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Petal Length: 11.40 mm
Sepal Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.25 mm
Sepal Length: 7.87 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.49
Ligule Length: 3.27 mm
Ligule Width: 3.05 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.07
Ribbon Length: 3.95 mm
Ovary Width: 1.67 mm
Ovary Length: 1.09 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 0.65
Ovule Number: 37
Style Length: 1.90 mm
Staminode Colour: purplish red
Staminode Length: 7.26 mm
Pedicel Length: 16.00 mm
Pedicel Colour: greyish rose
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Pantone colour codes.

Hunter, J.R. (1961) The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
India - Kerala (1997) List of survivng clones from all the introductions. R.V. Nair, Kerala Agricultural University, India. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1986) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. ICA Palmira, Colombia.