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SC 11 [COL]    Theobroma cacao

 Hunter, J.R. (1961)
The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.

Derivation: Seleccion Colombiana.
Location: Palmira, Valle, Colombia.

Notes:  Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected in 1961.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May be the same as MIRANDA in Soria, 1970a [SOR70A].

In previous versions of the ICGD the SPA [COL] clones were included as synonyms of the group SC [COL] (SC 57 - 76 inclusive). The synonymy has now been reversed as this material was originally described as SPA and is more widely known under this name, as advised by Dr. Bartley.


Synonyms: SCP 14 [COL], SCS 11 [COL]


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743826   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078296
BioSample: SAMN19549207
SampleName: SC11
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SC 11 [COL]
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: SC 11 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1994

Pod Index: 23.7 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: light purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 34.0
Total Wet Weight: 54.4 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.24 g
Cotyledon Length: 21.9 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.9 mm
Colour Purple: 22 %
Colour Light Purple: 66 %
Colour White: 12 %
Size: large
Number: 24.1
Length: 25.6 mm
Width: 15.6 mm
Thickness: 11.9 mm
Total Wet Weight: 97.8 g
Wet Weight: 2.71 g
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.36 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.35 g

Testa: 6.60 %
Testa: 6.22 %

Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 151.0 mm
Breadth: 80.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa
Shape: orbicular
Basal Constriction: moderate - slight
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 0.55 mm
Length: 179.3 mm
Breadth: 76.5 mm
Colour: yellow
Weight: 476.0 g
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.34

Colour: moderate anthocyanin

Shape: obovate
Length: 301.0 mm
Width: 106.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.80
Apex Form: acuminate
Pulvinus Present: Yes

Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 8.85 mm
Ligule Width: 2.40 mm
Ovule Number: 41
Style Length: 2.26 mm
Pedicel Colour: red
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Petal Length: 11.50 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.00 mm
Sepal Length: 8.05 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 2.01
Ligule Length: 3.30 mm
Ligule Width: 3.00 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.10
Ribbon Length: 4.06 mm
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.00
Ovule Number: 45
Style Length: 2.10 mm
Staminode Colour: purplish red
Staminode Length: 6.20 mm
Pedicel Length: 15.10 mm
Pedicel Colour: greyish rose
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Pantone colour codes.

Hunter, J.R. (1961) The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1986) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. ICA Palmira, Colombia.