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SC 49 [COL]    Theobroma cacao

 Hunter, J.R. (1961)
The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.

Derivation: Seleccion Colombiana.
Location: Palmira, Valle, Colombia.

Notes:  Doak & Zambrano, 1961 [DOA61A] Collected in 1961.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May be the same as MIRANDA in Soria, 1970a [SOR70A].

In previous versions of the ICGD the SPA [COL] clones were included as synonyms of the group SC [COL] (SC 57 - 76 inclusive). The synonymy has now been reversed as this material was originally described as SPA and is more widely known under this name, as advised by Dr. Bartley.


Synonyms: SCS 49 [COL]

Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] Some of the SC [COL] material in Brazil has been mixed up. The SC 49 [COL] in CEPLAC may not be the same as the one held in Colombia.

Location: Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Colombia
Coordinates: 76.50 W, 3.50 N
   Marita, J. M. et al., 2001


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743817   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078305
BioSample: SAMN19549215
SampleName: SC49
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 527
   - Local Name: SC 49
   - Year of Accession: 1984
• Accession: 527
   - Local Name: SC 49
   - Year of Accession: 1984
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 192
   - Local Name: SC 49 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1967
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: SC 49 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: SC 49
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: SC-49
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SC 49 [COL]
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: SC 49 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1992
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: SC 49 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1993
List received in 2016   Reference
• Accession: PI 315220     GRIN-Global 
   - Local Name: SC 49 [COL]
   - Year of Accession: 1939

Moderately Susceptible, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Phillips, W., 1997

Productivity: medium

Colour Purple: 17 %
Colour Light Purple: 79 %
Colour White: 4 %
Size: medium
Number: 27.8
Length: 23.1 mm
Width: 13.8 mm
Thickness: 10.4 mm
Total Wet Weight: 102.9 g
Wet Weight: 2.70 g
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.47 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.51 g

Testa: 1.86 %

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Rugosity: intense
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: slight - moderate
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Pods Per Tree: 5
Shape: orbicular
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: acute
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 0.50 mm
Length: 212.4 mm
Breadth: 95.6 mm
Colour: dark red - green
Weight: 692.0 g
Hardness: moderate
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.22
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green

Colour: olive brown

Shape: obovate
Length: 291.4 mm
Width: 101.1 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.88
Apex Form: acuminate
Pulvinus Present: Yes

Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Petal Length: 11.60 mm
Sepal Colour: moderate anthocyanin
Sepal Width: 2.05 mm
Sepal Length: 8.45 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 4.12
Ligule Length: 3.26 mm
Ligule Width: 2.96 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.10
Ribbon Length: 4.66 mm
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.15 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.15
Ovule Number: 33
Style Length: 2.00 mm
Staminode Colour: violet red
Staminode Length: 6.40 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.15 mm
Pedicel Colour: greyish magenta
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Note: Translation of Pantone colour codes.

Hunter, J.R. (1961) The status of cacao variety improvement work in the Western Hemisphere. Cacao (Costa Rica) 4: pp. 1-16.
Marita, J. M., Nienhuis, J., Pires, J. L. & Aitken, W. M. (2001) Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Theobroma cacao with Emphasis on Witches’ Broom Disease Resistance. Crop Sci. 41:1305–1316.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1994) Accessions in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection obtained from USDA Mayaguez since 1991. M.T. Lee, MCB, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
USDA, ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico. (2016) List of cocoa accessions held at Mayaguez in April 2016. USDA-ARS GRIN-Global. [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Phytophthora palmivora using the Paper Disc method. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1986) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. ICA Palmira, Colombia.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.