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SPA 13 [COL]    Theobroma cacao

 Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989)
? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.

Derivation: Seleccion PAlmira.
Collected by Pound.
Location: Palmira, Colombia.

As these are all progeny from a single fruit they should all have basically then same characteristics. Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. Leaf - some unpigmented, large, broad and have an undulating (puckered/crinkled) surface. Fruit - basically similar in shape being broad elongate with slight roughness. Seed - some white. Bartley, 1997a [BAR97A]. Variation seen in flush leaf pigmentation from light green (white); the pigmentation of the stamen, which is often intense; and the colour of the fruit, which is either light green or dark green with a tendancy to be shiny.

Notes:  Lockwood & Gyamfi, 1979, [LOC79A] Collections made in Colombia by Pound, somewhere in the Amazon valley. Very similar to some Ecuador Oriente types.

Progeny of a fruit donated to Colombia by Pound (1943?).

Bartley, 1995a [BAR95A]. The association between unpigmented flush leaves and white cotyledons found in some of these clones is typical of the genotypes from the Napo river. Pound did visit Santa Clotilde, the Peruvian research station on this river and the material may therefore have originated in this region.

In previous versions of the ICGD the SPA [COL] clones were included as synonyms of the group SC [COL] (SC 57 - 76 inclusive). The synonymy has now been reversed as this material was originally described as SPA and is more widely known under this name, as advised by Dr. Bartley.


Synonyms: SC 68 [COL]


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743800   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078322
BioSample: SAMN19549231
SampleName: SPA13
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

List received in 1989   Reference
• Local Name: SC 68 [COL]

Colour Purple: 91 %
Colour Light Purple: 9 %
Size: medium
Number: 23.6
Length: 25.0 mm
Width: 13.0 mm
Thickness: 8.6 mm
Total Wet Weight: 102.4 g
Wet Weight: 1.87 g
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.54 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.17 g

Testa: 7.17 %

Shape: orbicular
Basal Constriction: slight
Apex Form: rounded
Rugosity: smooth
Husk Thickness: 0.50 mm
Length: 162.0 mm
Breadth: 88.1 mm
Colour: orange
Weight: 497.0 g
Hardness: hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 1.81

Shape: obovate
Length: 285.0 mm
Width: 99.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.87
Apex Form: acuminate
Pulvinus Present: Yes

Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Petal Length: 9.40 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.05 mm
Sepal Length: 7.60 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.70
Ligule Length: 2.56 mm
Ligule Width: 2.73 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 0.93
Ribbon Length: 3.00 mm
Ovary Width: 1.00 mm
Ovary Length: 1.60 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.60
Ovule Number: 53
Style Length: 2.00 mm
Staminode Colour: purplish red
Staminode Length: 5.50 mm
Pedicel Length: 13.10 mm
Pedicel Colour: greenish white
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Self Compatibility: self compatible
Note: Translation of Pantone colour codes.

Colombia - ICA Palmira (1989) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA Palmira, Colombia.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1986) ? A catalogue of the cacao germplasm at ICA Palmira. ICA Palmira, Colombia.