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TAP 10 [CHA]    Theobroma cacao

 Chalmers, W.S. (1973)
Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.

Derivation: river TAPiche.
Collected by Chalmers (INIAP/UWI).
Location: R. Tapiche, Peru.

(Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A]) TAP 4 to TAP 15 were collected by children and there is no guarantee that they were collected from different trees. The Tapiche pods had five pairs of pronouced ridges, were very rugose with a very short constricted nipple-like point. The pod wall was generally fairly soft. The seeds were smallish and purple. Three of the trees had no Witches' broom.

Notes:  Chalmers, 1973 [CHA73A] Collections made in 1973.

Synonyms: TAPICHE 10 [CHA]

Location: R. Tapiche, Loreto, Peru (pasture)
Date: March 1973
Coordinates: 73.50 W, 5.00 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: Requena (Amoco Concession) Finca Bella Esperanza
Expedition Code: 73CH
   Chalmers, W.S., 1973

 Mother to:
INIAP T 331    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 402    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 176    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 183    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
 Father to:
INIAP T 200    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 277    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel et al., 2017
INIAP T 215    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010
INIAP T 288    Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, 2010


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774333   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629491
BioSample: SAMN09934564
SampleName: TAP10_G12_A1
SampleSource: Ecuador

List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21959
   - Local Name: TAP-10
   - Year of Accession: 2006
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TAP - 10

Pod Index: 19.6 (pods per kg dried beans)

Colour: dark purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 49.0
Total Wet Weight: 80.9 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.04 g
Cotyledon Length: 23.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.6 mm
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Note: expedition data

Testa: 5.80 %

Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: mammillate
Rugosity: intense
Length: 161.0 mm
Breadth: 85.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Rugosity: intense
Note: expedition data

Colour: moderate anthocyanin

Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 7.64 mm
Ligule Width: 2.33 mm
Ovule Number: 46
Style Length: 2.23 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish

Chalmers, W.S. (1973) Report on a visit to Ecuador, Peru, and Brasil, March 1st-April 15th 1973. Unpublished Report. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp. 31.
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel, Ignacio A Sotomayor-Cantos, T Casanova, G Rodríguez, L Plaza & Zambrano (2017) Selection of Cocoa Genotypes (Theobroma Cacao L) Resistant to Witches’ Broom Disease (Moniliophthora Perniciosa) in Los Ríos, Ecuador. Ciencia y Tecnología, 10: 17–26
Tarqui-Freire, Omar Miguel (2010) EVALUACIÓN DE CLONES DE CACAO (Theobroma Cacao L.) PROVENIENTES DE PLÁNTULAS HÍBRIDAS SELECCIONADAS POR RESISTENCIA A LA ENFERMEDAD ESCOBA DE BRUJA (Moniliopththora Perniciosa). Universidad Tecnica Estatal de Quevedo, Ecuador
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Chalmers, W.S. (1970) Data accumulated from Chalmers' Collection reports from expeditions to Ecuador between 1968-1973. Series of 7 unpublished Reports. Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies. See other reference entries for details.