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TSH 1188    Theobroma cacao

 Shripat, C. (1996)
The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.

Derivation: Trinidad Selected Hybrids.
Collected by Cocoa Board.
Location: Trinidad and Tobago.

Notes:  Selections from mixed populations of Amazons and Trinitarios.

Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number.

(see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).
 

    Disclaimer

Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1995-2014
 Reference
Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1990
 Reference
Recommended clone in:
Trinidad and Tobago
 Reference

 GENOME/TRANSCRIPTOME DATA LINKS

 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
 Reference
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
 
Run: SRR7774249   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629575
BioSample: SAMN09934571
SampleSource: Brazil, MARS

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1761     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: TSH 1188
   - Year of Accession: 2021
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 285
   - Local Name: TSH 1188
   - Year of Accession: 1978
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 1188
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: TSH 1188 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: TSH 1188
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH-1188
   - Year of Accession: 1991
• Local Name: TSH-1188 Auto
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21995
   - Local Name: TSH-1188
   - Year of Accession: 2006

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Moderate Resistance (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Resistant (Seedling).
Note: Origin of material: Almirante Cacau, Barro Preto
 Stela Dalva V. M. Silva et al., 2006
Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1993
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Shripat, C., 1995
Resistant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Sreenivasan, T.N., 1980
Intermediate, sp. P. citrophthora
Note: Average score = 2.3.
 Lopez, U.V. et al., 2006
Intermediate
 Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de, 1996
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Susceptible (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997

Pod Index: 18.3 (pods per kg dried beans)
Note: Maximum Pod Index, 25.33
 Reference

Number: 48.1
Total Wet Weight: 88.9 g
Dry Weight: 1.24 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.18 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.0 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.7 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 9.5 mm
 Reference

Rugosity: intense
 Reference
Husk Thickness: 17.1 mm
Length: 225.1 mm
Breadth: 97.6 mm
Weight: 839.3 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.30
 Reference

Sepal Width: 3.09 mm
Sepal Length: 7.58 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 2.45
Ligule Width: 2.74 mm
Ovule Number: 56
Style Length: 2.64 mm
Staminode Length: 7.18 mm
Pedicel Length: 18.32 mm
 Reference

Shripat, C. (1996) The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Yamada, Milton Macoto, Fábio Gelape Faleiro, Brena Faria Santos & Mônica Menezes Passinho (2010) RELAÇÃO ENTRE INCOMPATIBILIDADE E VARIABILIDADE GENÉTICA COM BASE EM MARCADORES RAPD EM CLONES DE CACAUEIRO [Relationship between Incompatibility and Genetic Variability Based on RAPD Markers in Cacao Clones]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 22 (1): 11–16
Maharaj, Kamaldeo (2012) Cacao Breeding and Planting Material Situation in Trinidad and Tobago and Some of the Other Caribbean Islands. INGENIC Seventh Workshop: Cocoa Variety Development and the Supply of Planting Materials to Farmers. 21st - 22nd October 2012
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Stela Dalva V. M. Silva, Augusto Roberto S. Gomes, Edmundo P. Mandarino, Lindolfo P. dos S. Filho & Virgínia O. Damaceno (2006) Indicações de Resistência à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis em Genótipos de Cacaueiros no Sul da Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1993) Screening for resistance to Black Pod. T.N. Sreenivasan, CRU, Trinidad. Personal Communication.
Shripat, C. (1995) Preliminary screening of Trinidad Selected Hybrid (TSH) clones for resistance to Black Pod disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora (Butl.) in Trinidad. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Cocoa Research Conference, Yammoussoukro, Côte d'Ivoire, 1993. Cocoa Producers' Allliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 837-840.
Sreenivasan, T.N. (1980) Screening for resistance to Black Pod. Cocoa Research Unit Annual Report on Cocoa Research 1975-1980. University of the West Indies, Trinidad. p.16.
Lopez, U.V., Paim, M., Luz, E.D.N., Silva, S.D.V.M., Gramacho, K.P. and Pires, J.L. (2006) Resistance of Cacao Farmer Selections to Phytophthora citrophthora in Brazil. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Cocoa Research Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica (2006). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de (1996) Avaliacao de clones de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira em relaçao a incidencia de vassoura-de bruxa. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brazil, 1996. Cocoa Producers' Alliance.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Kamaldeo Maharaj, Patricia Maharaj, Frances L. Bekele, Davinan Ramnath, Gillian G. Bidaisee, Isaac Bekele, Cynthra Persad, Krysta Jennings & Reishma Sankar (2009) Trinidad Selected Hybrids: An Investigation of the Phenotypic and Agro-Economic Traits of 20 Selected Cacao Cultivars. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Cocoa Research Conference, Bali, Indonesia (November 2009). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.