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CCN 10    Theobroma cacao

 Ecuador - Napo (1992)
Corrections to accession list for Estacion Experimental Napo- San Carlos. B.G.D. Bartley, E.E.T Pichilingue, Ecuador. Personal Communication.

Derivation: Cacao Castro Naranjal.
Collected by Castro.
Location: Ecuador.

Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. Leaf - white [Bartley, 1993a].

Notes:  Bartley, 1993a [BAR93A]. May include some material collected from Oriente (CCN1,2,3,4?).

Bartley, 1999c [BAR99C] This group of clones is based on the cross (ICS 95 x IMC 67) x Oriente genotypes, possibly known as CCN1 or CCN 2. According to information given by Castro the Oriente material used in these selections derived from a collection made by himself in 1949 in a place called Canelos at the "Hacienda Ila", below the town or Puyo on the Rio Bobonaza in the eastern foothills of the Andes.

These clones were taken to the Miami quarantine facility in 1983 and from there were introduced into Brazil.

Bartley, 1997b [BAR97B] CCN 100, 101 and 103 are not part of Castro's selections. These clones are from Ecuador but were erroneously identified in Miami as additional CCNs. CCN 60 is also probably not related to the rest of the CCNs. It may be a FELDA selection.


Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Scale: Small-scale (trial plantings)
Year: 2014 onwards (Current)
Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 2003 onwards (Current)

CCN 51  x CCN 1 
 - Homero Castro
   Bartley, B.G.D., 1999


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 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774350   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629474
BioSample: SAMN09934416
SampleSource: Costa Rica, Tree_ID: 17446
 Claudia Garcia et al., 2022
BioProject: PRJNA857502   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR20075022   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX16112997
BioSample: SAMN29628482
SampleName: TC61_CpG
SampleSource: Mars Center for Cocoa Science, Brazil
Notes: Abnormal Somatic Embryo
Cross: CCN 10 x CCN 51 
Run: SRR20075024   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX16112995
BioSample: SAMN29628478
SampleName: TC41_CpG
SampleSource: Mars Center for Cocoa Science, Brazil
Notes: Zygotic Embryo

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 595
   - Local Name: CCN 10
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: CCN 10 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: CCN 10
• Accession: CCN 10 Viveiro 1
   - Local Name: CCN 10
• Accession: CCN 10 Viveiro 2
   - Local Name: CCN 10
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: CCN-10
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 19426
   - Local Name: CCN-10
   - Year of Accession: 1989
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: CCN 10

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Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia.. Classed as Very Susceptible
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
62.78 % Infection
Note: 18 plants sampled..
 Subali, S., 1992
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

Seed Index: 69.4 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 18.6 (pods per kg dried beans)
Seed Index: 74.9 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 18.9 (pods per kg dried beans)

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Number: 37.1
Total Dry Weight: 53.8 g
Dry Weight: 1.44 g
Colour: light purple
Shape: elongate
Number: 45.0
Total Wet Weight: 268.0 g
Total Dry Weight: 93.8 g
Wet Weight: 5.80 g
Dry Weight: 2.10 g
Number: 39.6
Dry Weight: 1.33 g

Butterfat Content: 52.10 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 52.05 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 52.05 %
Note: 1 plant sampled

Shape: angoleta
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 13.0 mm
Length: 205.0 mm
Breadth: 83.0 mm
Colour: red
Weight: 760.0 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.47

Self Compatibility: self incompatible

Ecuador - Napo (1992) Corrections to accession list for Estacion Experimental Napo- San Carlos. B.G.D. Bartley, E.E.T Pichilingue, Ecuador. Personal Communication.
CEPLAC, Brazil (2014) Indicação de Variedades Clonais de Cacaueiro. COMUNICADO CEPLAC/CEPEC NO 02/2014
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Bartley, B.G.D. (1999) CCN 51. Background, History, Characteristics. Unpublished report for the ICGD. p13.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
Claudia Garcia, Alex-Alan Furtado de Almeida, Marcio Costa, Dahyana Britto, Fabio Correa, Pedro Mangabeira, Lidiane Silva, Jose Silva, Stefan Royaert & Jean-Philippe Marelli (2022) Single-base resolution methylomes of somatic embryogenesis in Theobroma cacao L. reveal epigenome modifications associated with somatic embryo abnormalities. Scientific Reports 12:15097
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1990) List of clones held in the Dept. of Agriculture's collection, at Sabah, Tuaran, Malaysia. E.B. Tay, Malaysian Cocoa Board, Malaysia. Personal Communication.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Subali, S. (1992) MARDI's results on performance of imported primary cocoa clones. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Brazil, CEPEC. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Lam, K.S. (1992) Performance of imported clones in Sime Darby Plantations. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Castro, H. (1986) Records sheets of traits and performance of selections. Data supplied to B.G.D. Bartley. Listed in Bartley, 1999c, [BAR99C] report to the ICGD on CCN 51.