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C SUL 3    Theobroma cacao

 Vello, F. & Rocha, H.M. (1967)
II Expedicao botanica a Amazonia brasileira. CEPLAC/CEPEC Ilheus, BA., Brasil, Communicado Tecnico no. 4, pp. 20.

Derivation: Cruzeiro do SUL.
Collected by Vello, Rocha & Bartley.
Location: Cruzeiro do Sul,Acre, Brazil.

Flowers - variable in size, dark staminodes, some with pigmented stamens and pigments in the ovary hairs. Fruit - mainly elongate shape but some similar to SCA or Ecaudorian types, medium sized, thick husk, slightly rugose or rugose, whitish-green. Seeds - small, dark violet. Lockwood, 1973a [LOC73A]. Fruit - husk soft without a marked stony layer. Bartley, 1998a [BAR98A] The trees are large but they are not vigorous clones.

Notes:  Vello & Rocha, 1967 [VEL67A] Collected in 1967.

Location: R. Jurua, Amazonas, Brazil (primary forest)
Date: 19 January 1967
Coordinates: 72.50 W, 8.10 S
Material collected: Budwood
Notes: Ilha Guajara, near Cruzeiro do Sul
Expedition Code: 67BR
   Soria, V.J., 1970
   Vello, F. & Rocha, H.M., 1967
   Bartley, B.G.D., 1967
   Almeida, C.M.V.C. de et al., 1995


 Xavier Argout et al., 2023
BioProject: PRJNA880462   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR21562101   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX17564478
BioSample: SAMN30841389
SampleName: CSUL_3

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List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 156
   - Local Name: CSUL 3
   - Year of Accession: 1981
List received in 1987   Reference
• Accession: 153
   - Local Name: CSUL 3
   - Year of Accession: 1967
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: C. SUL 3 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: C. SUL 3
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: C.SUL-3
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10243
   - Local Name: CSUL-3
   - Year of Accession: 1979

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Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Susceptible, 94.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 5.0 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
Susceptible, 94.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 5.0 and Internal Severety = 5.0
 Phillips, W., 1997
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
Absent (Expedition data).
 Soria, V.J., 1970
Intermediate (Seedling).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1997
Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M., 1998
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

Seed Index: 181.8 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low

Colour Dark Purple: Absent
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Absent
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 40.4
Maximum Number: 56
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 0.97 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 0.55 g
Cotyledon Length: 20.7 mm
Cotyledon Width: 7.4 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 7.0 mm

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Rugosity: moderate
Basal Constriction: very slight
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: moderate
Husk Thickness: 8.75 mm (10.9 - 6.6)
Length: 154.0 mm
Breadth: 75.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 367.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.05
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.65
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: obtuse - slightly acute
Rugosity: slight
Colour: negligible - slight / negligible anthocyanin (ridge/furrow)
Shape: amelonado
Colour: green

Colour: olive yellow
Colour: olive

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Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Ligule Colour: intense anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.23 mm
Sepal Length: 7.71 mm
Ligule Length: 5.83 mm
Ligule Width: 1.90 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.02 mm
Ovary Length: 1.31 mm
Style Length: 2.06 mm
Staminode Length: 7.06 mm
Pedicel Colour: dull red
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
Self Compatibility: self incompatible

Vello, F. & Rocha, H.M. (1967) II Expedicao botanica a Amazonia brasileira. CEPLAC/CEPEC Ilheus, BA., Brasil, Communicado Tecnico no. 4, pp. 20.
Soria, V.J. (1970) The latest cocoa expeditions to the Amazon Basin. Cacao (Costa Rica) 15: pp. 5-15.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1967) Second CEPEC cacao collecting expedition Brasil. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad. pp. 11
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Machado, P.F.R., de, Barriga, J.P. & Silva, F.C.O. da. (1995) Coleta da cacau (Theobroma cacao) da amazonia brasileira: uma abordagem historica e analitica. CEPLAC, SRAO, Porto Velho, RO., Brasil. pp. 92.
Xavier Argout, Gaetan Droc, Olivier Fouet, Mathieu Rouard, Karine Labadie, Bénédicte Rhoné, Gaston Rey Loor & Claire Lanaud (2023) Pangenomic exploration of Theobroma cacao: New Insights into Gene Content Diversity and Selection During Domestication. bioRxiv preprint
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Phillips, W. (1997) Results of the artificial inoculation of Moniliophthora rorei using the Aspersion method. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Monteiro, W.R. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Brazil, CEPEC. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Luz, E.D.M.N. & Silva, S.D.V.M. (1997) Evaluating resistance/tolerance to Witches' Broom disease in Bahia, Brazil. Final Report to ACRI. CEPLAC/CEPEC, February, 1997. pp. 56. Data supplied to ICGD by Luz & Silva.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.