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EET 399 [ECU]    Theobroma cacao

Derivation: Estacion Experimental Tropical.
Location: E.E.T. Pichilingue, Ecuador.

Notes:  Some EET clones are imported genotypes which have been given the duplicate identifier [IMP], [POU] for kown Pound collections and [MIG] for known SAN MIGUEL clones.

Synonyms: ETS 399 [ECU]

SILECIA 1 [ECU]  x Unknown
 - Selec. Patologia 7805
   Costa Rica - CATIE, 1981
 Mother to:
EQX 109 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 87 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 88 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 89 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 90 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
 Father to:
CEPEC 1008    Brazil - CEPEC, 1987
EQX 110 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 111 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 112 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 95 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date
EQX 98 [EQX]    Trinidad - ICTA (EQX), No Date


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743681   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078441
BioSample: SAMN19549132
SampleName: EET399
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 745     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
• Accession: RUQ 745B     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1997
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 257
   - Local Name: EET 399
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1979
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET-399
   - Year of Accession: 1996
List received in 1990   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 10289
   - Local Name: EET-399
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 1987   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1974
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: EET-399
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET- 399
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: EET399
   - Year of Accession: 1973
List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00659
   - Local Name: EET 399 (ECU)
List received in 1998   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
List received in 1992   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]
   - Year of Accession: 1987
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399
   - Year of Accession: 1965
List received in 1972   Reference
• Local Name: EET 399 [ECU]

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Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
 Small, L.W., 1966
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
Moderately Susceptible, 95.00 % Infection
Note: External Severety = 1.5 and Internal Severety = 3.0
 Phillips, W., 1996
Moderate Resistance, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe, Attached and not wounded
 Morera, J., 1993
Resistant, 21.00 % Infection, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
Note: Unripe and not wounded
 Lopez-Baez, O. et al., 1996
 Sharma, M., 1992
 Sharma, M., 1992
 Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J., 1967
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de, 1996

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Seed Index: 89.2 (dried beans per 100g)
Pod Index: 23.7 (pods per kg dried beans)
Pod Index: 24.4 (pods per kg dried beans)
Seed Index: 99.0 (dried beans per 100g)
Productivity: low

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Number: 37.5
Total Dry Weight: 42.1 g
Dry Weight: 1.12 g
Note: 53 plants sampled
Colour: purple
Shape: oblong
Number: 36.0
Total Wet Weight: 62.1 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.14 g
Cotyledon Length: 24.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 12.1 mm
Colour Dark Purple: Present
Colour Light Purple: Present
Colour Grey: Absent
Colour White: Present
Colour Mottled: Absent
Number: 36.7
Maximum Number: 47
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 1.53 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.01 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.1 mm
Cotyledon Width: 11.9 mm
Cotyledon Thickness: 8.6 mm
Colour Purple: 50 %
Colour Light Purple: 30 %
Colour White: 16 %
Colour Mottled: 4 %
Shape: round
Length: 26.9 mm
Width: 12.6 mm
Thickness: 9.5 mm
Cotyledon Wet Weight: 2.02 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.36 g
Number: 38.0
Dry Weight: 1.15 g

Butterfat Content: 58.30 %
Maximum Butterfat Content: 61.96 %
Minimum Butterfat Content: 55.89 %
Note: 12 plants sampled
Testa: 4.70 %

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Shape: oblong
Basal Constriction: strong
Apex Form: attenuate
Rugosity: slight
Length: 164.0 mm
Breadth: 81.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: hard
Note: Hardness > 2.0 Mpa
Rugosity: intense
Basal Constriction: moderate
Apex Form: slightly acute
Rugosity: intense
Husk Thickness: 7.05 mm (9.3 - 4.8)
Length: 198.0 mm
Breadth: 82.0 mm
Colour: absent anthocyanin
Weight: 472.0 g
Pods Per Tree: 3
Hardness: soft
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.41
Note: ratio of distances between ridges within a pair and between ridges of two different pairs = 0.53
Shape: angoleta
Husk Thickness: 15.1 mm
Length: 213.0 mm
Breadth: 93.0 mm
Colour: yellow
Hardness: very hard
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.30
Shape: cundeamor
Colour: green
Length: 182.0 mm
Breadth: 83.8 mm
Weight: 522.8 g
Length Breadth Ratio: 2.20

Accession: RUQ 745
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 6.97 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.13 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.93 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 58.29 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.14 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 3
Leaf Area: 217.70 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.41 g
Specific Leaf Area: 155.90 cm2 g-1

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Colour: anthocyanin absent
Colour: light brown
Colour: slight anthocyanin

Length to Width Ratio: 2.66
Basal Angle: 136.0 °
Apical Angle: 104.0 °

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Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Self Compatibility: self incompatible
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Length: 8.57 mm
Ligule Width: 2.47 mm
Ovule Number: 42
Style Length: 2.08 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish
Ligule Colour: slight anthocyanin (apical)
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Sepal Colour: greyish green
Sepal Width: 2.33 mm
Sepal Length: 8.92 mm
Ligule Length: 6.96 mm
Ligule Width: 2.33 mm
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical)
Ovary Width: 1.01 mm
Ovary Length: 1.28 mm
Style Length: 2.26 mm
Staminode Length: 7.12 mm
Pedicel Colour: yellowish white
Note: Translation of Methuen colour codes.
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: slight anthocyanin
Guide Line Length: 3.70 mm
Sepal Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Width: 2.70 mm
Sepal Length: 8.60 mm
Sepal Length to Width Ratio: 3.25
Ligule Length: 3.50 mm
Ligule Width: 2.70 mm
Ligule Length to Width Ratio: 1.32
Ribbon Length: 2.80 mm
Ribbon Colour: anthocyanin absent
Ovary Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Ovary Width: 1.30 mm
Ovary Length: 1.90 mm
Ovary Length to Width Ratio: 1.34
Ovule Number: 44
Style Colour: anthocyanin absent (apical), anthocyanin absent (basal)
Style Length: 2.20 mm
Staminode Colour: intense anthocyanin
Staminode Length: 7.40 mm
Pedicel Length: 17.30 mm
Hairs on Upper Surface of Sepal: present
Pigmented Glands on Lower Surface of Sepal: present
Horns at Base of Guide Lines: absent
Pigmented Spot on Pollen Sac: absent
Self Compatibility: self incompatible

Costa Rica - CATIE (1981) Genetic Resources of Cacao. A Catalogue of the CATIE Collection. J.M.M. Engels, Tropical Agricultural Research and Training Centre, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica. Technical Bulletin No. 7: pp. 191.
Trinidad - ICTA (EQX) (No Date) List of the parentage of EQX accessions. Untitled manuscript, Cocoa Research Unit, University of the West Indies, Trinidad. pp.1.
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, C.M.V.C. de, Barriga, J.P., Machado, P.F.R. & Bartley, B.G.D. (1987) Evolucao do programa de conservacao dos recursos geneticos de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira. CEPLAC/DEPEA, Boletim Tecnico, Belem, Brasil 5: pp.108.
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Colombia - ICA Palmira (1990) List of clones held at ICA Palmira. F. Ocampo Rojas, ICA, Colombia.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
Dominican Republic - CDC (1987) Informe de los trabajos de indentificacion clonal realizados por el Dr. B.G.Bartley durante su visita a la Estacion "Mata Larga". Unpublished of the Comision del Cacau, Dominican Republic. pp 14
IDIAF (2011) Cocoa accessions held in the Dominican Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Research (IDIAF). M. Ventura, personal communication, September 2011.
EET - Pichilingue (2012) Accessions planted in EET - Pichilingue, Ecuador. Freddy Amores and Ignacio Sotomayor C, personal communication, February 2012.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
Honduras - CEDEC (1994) List of accessions in CEDEC, La Masica, Honduras. J.A. Sanchez, FHIA, Honduras. Personal Communication.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Malaysia - ARC Tuaran (1998) Accessions held in the Malaysian Cocoa Board collection, May 1998. K. Lamin, MCB, Malaysia, Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Mulato-Brito, J. & Lopez-Arroyo, J. (1992) Recursos geneticos del cacao, Theobroma cacao L. disponibles en Mexico. Agricultura Tecnico Mexicana 18(1-2): pp. 25-38.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Perez, A.Z., Reyes, H.E. & Reyes, L.C. (1972) Programa de mejoramiento genetico de cacao en Venezuela. MAC, Caucagua, Venezuela, pp. 131.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Small, L.W. (1966) Routine screening of clones for Ceratocystis. Cocoa Research Unit Annual Report on Cocoa Research 1966. The University of the West Indies, Trinidad, p.48.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Phillips, W. (1996) Cocoa cultivar reaction when innoculated with Moniliophthora roreri. Unpublished data supplied by W. Phillips, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal communication
Morera, J. (1993) Reaction of clones to Phytophthora palmivora. J. Morera, CATIE, Costa Rica. Personal Communication.
Lopez-Baez, O., Fraire, V.G. & Cueto, M.J. (1996) Mejoramiento genetico para la resistencia a Phytophthora en Mexico. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, 24th-26th September, 1996. pp.51-55.
Sharma, M. (1992) The performance of imported F0 clones at United Plantations Bhd. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Enriquez, G.A. & Soria, V.J. (1967) Cacao Cultivars Register. IICA Teaching and Research Centre, Costa Rica
Fonseca, S.E.A & Albuquerque, P.S.B. de (1996) Avaliacao de clones de cacau na Amazonia Brasileira em relaçao a incidencia de vassoura-de bruxa. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brazil, 1996. Cocoa Producers' Alliance.
Malaysia - BAL Plantations (1991) Results from cocoa butter content determinations using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analysis. G. Lockwood, CDC, U.K. Personal Communication.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Palaniappan, S. & Shuhaimi Shamsuddin (1992) Early evaluation of some cocoa germplasm at Pusut Perkhidmatan Pertanian Tun Razak. In: Unpublished Proceedings of MCGC Mini-Seminar on the Performance of Imported Cocoa Clones, 13th October, 1992. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Morera, J., Paredes, A. & Mora, A. (1991) Germoplasma de cacao en el CATIE entre 1947 y 1991, Programa II: Generacion y transferencia de tecnologia. IICA, San Jose, Costa Rica, pp. 49.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.