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GS 10    Theobroma cacao

 Bartley, B.G.D. (1993)
Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.

Derivation: Grenada Selection.
Collected by Pound/Cooper/Cope.
Location: Grenada, Grenada.

Notes:  Bartley, 1993 [BAR93A] Selections made in late '40s in Grenada established at Boulogne nursery.

Bartley, 1996a [BAR96A]. The Grenada population(s) originated largely from two distinct types. One of these is an "Amazonian" variety which is apparently not the related to the ex-Orinoco variety of Trinidad, but is similar to other types on other Caribbean islands and the "Matina" type of Costa Rica. The other type is a Venezuelan Criollo which may be descended from more than one introduction.


 Jaime A Osorio-Guarín et al., 2020
BioProject: PRJNA734904   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR14743874   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX11078248
BioSample: SAMN19549163
SampleSource: AGROSAVIA, Colombia

List received in 1994   Reference
• Local Name: GS 10
List received in 2011   Reference
• Local Name: GS 10

Resistant (Field Reaction).
 Butler, D.R. et al., 1998

Pod Index: 17.2 (pods per kg dried beans)

Size: large
Colour: light purple
Shape: elliptical
Number: 45.0
Total Wet Weight: 86.4 g
Cotyledon Dry Weight: 1.29 g
Cotyledon Length: 25.4 mm
Cotyledon Width: 13.4 mm

Testa: 4.70 %

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Size: large
Shape: criollo
Shape: elliptical
Basal Constriction: wideshoulder
Apex Form: mammillate
Rugosity: moderate
Length: 179.0 mm
Breadth: 79.0 mm
Colour: anthocyanin absent
Hardness: moderate
Note: Hardness > 1.6 and <= 2.0 Mpa

Colour: anthocyanin absent

Distance from Base to Widest Part: 102 mm
Length: 197.0 mm
Width: 79.0 mm
Length to Width Ratio: 2.50
Basal Angle: 108.7 °
Apical Angle: 74.0 °
Petiole Length: 16 mm
Pulvinus Length: 12 mm

Self Compatibility: self compatible
Ligule Colour: anthocyanin absent
Stamen Colour: anthocyanin absent
Sepal Length: 8.43 mm
Ligule Width: 2.17 mm
Ovule Number: 47
Style Length: 2.30 mm
Pedicel Colour: reddish

Bartley, B.G.D. (1993) Notes on the meaning and origins of clone names. B.G.D Bartley. Personal Communications.
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon A Berdugo-Cely, Roberto A Coronado-Silva, Eliana Baez, Yeirme Jaimes, Roxana Yockteng (2020) Genome-Wide Association Study Reveals Novel Candidate Genes Associated with Productivity and Disease Resistance to Moniliophthora spp. in Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.). G3 Genes|Genomes|Genetics, Volume 10, Issue 5, Pages 1713–1725
Grenada - MALF (1994) Notes on the cocoa germplasm in Grenada. C.A. Williams, Grenada Cocoa Association, Grenada. Personal Communication.
CRU (2011) ICG,T accessions. CRU website.
Butler, D.R., Iwaro, A.D., Thevenin, J.-M., Bekele, F., Sounigo, O., Christopher, Y. & Mooledhar, V. (1998) Individual Institute Reports - Trinidad & Tobago, CRU. Report on the IPGRI project: Cocoa Germplasm Utilisation and Conservation, A Global Approach. Appendix to General Progress Report of Year 1.
Frances Bekele & Gillian Bidaisee (2022) Morphological data from the International Cocoa Collection (ICG,T) maintained by the Cocoa Research Centre (CRC), Trinidad & Tobago. Unpublished data on fruit, bean, flower and flush morphology supplied as an Excel spreadsheet by Frances Bekele. Last update March 2022.
Bartley, B.G.D. (1970) A preliminary catalogue of the cacao germplasm held at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad. University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Trinidad - ICGT (1992) Leaf descriptors. Unpublished data supplied on computer diskette by International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad, University of the West Indies, Trinidad.