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TSH 516    Theobroma cacao

 Shripat, C. (1996)
The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.

Derivation: Trinidad Selected Hybrids.
Collected by Cocoa Board.
Location: Trinidad and Tobago.

Notes:  Selections from mixed populations of Amazons and Trinitarios.

Shripat, 1996a [SHR96A]. Each Trinidad clone was labelled with a code composed of certain letters as a prefix (TS, TSA, TSH, TSAN, TSHN) followed by a number which runs consecutively from 500 upwards regardless of the letters. Thus, there are no two new clones with the same number.

(see also Bartley, 1997c [BAR97C] ).

Synonyms: TSA 516


Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1995-2014
Recommended clone in:
Brazil (Bahia)
Year: 1990

SCA 6  x ICS 1    Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O., 1979


 Cornejo, O.E. et al., 2018
BioProject: PRJNA486011   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Project: PRJEB28591   EVA (project)   EVA (analysis) 
Library Source: Genomic
Run: SRR7774246   NCBI   ENA FASTQ 
Experiment: SRX4629578
BioSample: SAMN09934572
SampleSource: Costa Rica, Tree_ID: 17455

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Current List   ICQC,R Website
• Accession: RUQ 1018     ICQC,R 
   - Local Name: TSH 516
   - Year of Accession: 2000
List received in 2012   Reference
• Accession: 277
   - Local Name: TSH 516
   - Year of Accession: 1982
List received in 2015   Reference
• Accession: TSH 516 Quadra 5
   - Local Name: TSH 516
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH-516
   - Year of Accession: 1991
List received in 2018   Reference
• Accession: 21896
   - Local Name: TSH-516
   - Year of Accession: 2005
List received in 2012   Reference
• Local Name: TSH 5/6
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: VTLC 152
   - Local Name: TSH-516
List received in 2008   Reference
• Accession: IDN-13-TCAC-00549
   - Local Name: TSH516

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Susceptible (Branch).
Note: Based on mycelium growth and the production of perithecia..
 Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva, 2003
Tolerant, sp. P. palmivora (Pod).
 Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J., 1977
 Pires, J.L. et al., 1996

Rugosity: intense

Accession: RUQ 1018
Light Saturated Photosynthetic Rate: 5.69 μmol m2 s-1
Stomatal Conductance: 0.09 mol m2 s-1
Transpiration Rate: 1.26 mmol m2 s-1
Intrinsic Water Use Efficiency: 62.84 μmol mol-1
Instantaneous Water Use Efficiency: 4.46 mmol mol-1
Flush Size: 5
Leaf Area: 246.50 cm2
Leaf Dry Weight: 1.62 g
Specific Leaf Area: 155.50 cm2 g-1

Self Compatibility: self incompatible

Shripat, C. (1996) The Cocoa Breeding Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad. Presented at the International Workshop on The Utilisation of Genetic Resources of the ICGT, June, 1996. Cocoa Research Unit, Trinidad.
Lopes, Uilson Vanderlei, Wilson Reis Monteiro, José Luis Pires, Didier Clement, Milton Macoto Yamada & Karina Peres Gramacho (2011) Cacao Breeding in Bahia, Brazil - Strategies and Results. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology 11: 73–81
Yamada, Milton Macoto, Fábio Gelape Faleiro, Brena Faria Santos & Mônica Menezes Passinho (2010) RELAÇÃO ENTRE INCOMPATIBILIDADE E VARIABILIDADE GENÉTICA COM BASE EM MARCADORES RAPD EM CLONES DE CACAUEIRO [Relationship between Incompatibility and Genetic Variability Based on RAPD Markers in Cacao Clones]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 22 (1): 11–16
Lockwood, G. & Gyamfi, M.M.O. (1979) The CRIG cocoa germplasm collection with notes on codes used in the breeding programme at Tafo and elsewhere. Technical Bulletin, No. 10, Cocoa Research Institute, Tafo, Ghana. pp. 62.
Cornejo, O.E., Muh-Ching Yee, Victor Dominguez, Mary Andrews, Alexandra Sockell, Erika Strandberg, Donald Livingstone III, Conrad Stack, Alberto Romero, Pathmanathan Umaharan, Stefan Royaert, Nilesh R. Tawari, Pauline Ng, Osman Gutierrez, Wilbert Phillips, Keithanne Mockaitis, Carlos D. Bustamante & Juan C. Motamayor (2018) Population genomic analyses of the chocolate tree, Theobroma cacao L., provide insights into its domestication process. Commun Biol 1, 167
CEPEC (2012) Accession list for the CEPEC (Bahia, Brazil) collection. Dr. José Luis Pires, personal communication, February 2012.
Almeida, Caio Márcio Vasconcellos Cordeiro de, Francisco Antônio Neto, Acácio de Paula, Silva, José Raymundo Pires Medeiros & Antonio de Almeida Lima (2015) RECURSOS GENÉTICOS DE CACAUEIRO EM RONDÔNIA: RETROSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA, ORIGEM E INVENTÁRIO [Genetic Resources of Cacao in Rondônia: Historical Overview, Origin and Inventory]. Agrotrópica (Itabuna) 27 (2): 93–124
Mars Center for Cocoa Science (2012) Accession list for the Mars Center for Cocoa Science. Jean-Philippe Marelli, personal communication, February 2012.
Allan Mata (2018) Accession list for the International Cacao Collection at CATIE (IC3). Personal communication.
CRIG (2012) Cocoa accessions held in the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG). Francis Kwame Padi, personal communication, February 2012.
CPCRI (2008) Cocoa germplasm maintained at the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) Regional Station, Vittal, India. Data supplied to ICGD by email. D. Balasimha, CPCRI Vittal, India, July 2008.
Susilo, A. (2008) The list of germplasm collected by ICCRI. Personal communication from Agung Susilo, July 2008.
Stela Dalva Vieira Midlej Silva (2003) Ensaios Para Avaliação do Cacaueiro à Murcha-de-Ceratocystis na Bahia, Brasil. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Cocoa Research Conference, Accra, Ghana (October 2003). Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria.
Enriquez, G. & Soria, V.J. (1977) Mejoramiento genético para resistencia a cinco enfermedades del cacao. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Cocoa Research Conference, Caracas, Venezuela, 1977. Cocoa Producers' Alliance, Lagos, Nigeria. pp. 45-56.
Pires, J.L., Monteiro, W.R., Pinto, L.R.M. & Luz, E.D.M.N. (1996) Resistance to Witches Broom - Evaluation of genotypes from different origins. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Cocoa Research Conference, Salvador, Brasil 1996 Cocoa Producers' Alliance (in press).
Brazil - CEPEC (1987) List of clones in the CEPEC, Bahia, Brazil collection. Computer printout from CEPEC. Supplied by B.G.D. Bartley, CEPEC, Brazil.
Fiona Lahive (2017) Phenotypic data from climate change trials. Personal communication.